Choosing a cross stitch,
Hardanger, or needlework fabric can be a challenging task with the plethora of
choices. There are several different categories of cross
stitch fabric: Aida, Linens, several types of Even Weave, Hardanger, Canvas,
Perforated Paper, and specialty fabrics. Each different type of fabric
in the categories has a unique texture, feel and
sheen. Fabrics even smell different depending on what kind of
material they are made out of and how they are dyed. One of my
favorite things is smelling and feeling the fabrics as I pull it out of
the boxes when I receive supplies.
Fabric at Julie's X Stitch comes in 3 standard sizes. A Fat Quarter, Fat Half and Full
Yard. Here is a video tutorial describing how fabric is sized and
used to make cross stitch fabrics. Fabrics are made from 100%
cotton, rayon, canvas, polyester, linen, jute, viscose or a mix of several fibers. The types of
material absorbs the dye differently. Linen is very absorbent and takes on
color well. Rayon, and polyester fabrics don't absorb dye as well.
If you are not sure what type of fabric you are looking for or you are
interested in trying something different for your next project, purchase
some of our
swatches. Then you can feel and see the different types of
fabric for yourself without having to commit to it for a whole project.
So many different colors to choose from! White,
white, ecru, ivory, mushroom, cream, black, and variations of white
are the most
frequently used, and
widely available fabrics for cross stitch and Hardanger. When choosing a color for a project, you want to find something that
compliments your design colors, but allows the design to show up well. The color of a fabric can vary widely if they are
from different companies, or different DYE LOTS. Keep this
in mind when ordering fabric. If you want to do several projects
with the same color of fabric, and they must match exactly, you will
want to purchase all of the fabric at one time.Having
trouble choose a color? Try our
DMC color chart for help.
Where does your fabric come from? Zweigart is our main
fabric supplier and they have the largest color selection in the
world! We also carry fabric from Permin of Copenhagen
(Scandinavian Art Needlework). Wichelt/Permin is also one of our
Fabric is one of the
most popular and easy to use fabrics for cross stitch. Aida fabric
was designer specifically for cross stitch by Zweigart in 1890.
Most people learn to cross stitch on Aida fabric. Aida is generally made
from 100% cotton, and It is
frequently referred to as "The Cross Stitch Fabric". 14
count is the most popular count used with the most color choices,
followed by 16, 18 and then 11 count fabric. Aida fabric
consists of small squares that make it easy to count and even to stitch. It comes in several different counts as large as Herta (6
count) and as fine as 20 count. Herta is often used for teaching children
or beginners to cross stitch because it is easy to see. 18 and 20 count
fabrics are for more experienced cross stitchers that are looking for a
finer or more detailed look to their piece.
Aida 6 Count Sample
Aida 8 Count Sample
Aida 11 Count Sample
Aida 14 Count Sample
Aida 16 Count Sample
Aida 18 Count Sample
Aida 20 Count Sample
Country French is a cotton Aida even weave fabric that has a
very soft, luxurious
texture. It is great for baby quilts, clothing or washable items.
It drapes nicely and comes in a variety of neutral colors. It does
however fray quite easily, so it is best to surge or tape the edges when
working with it.
Aida Country French 14 Count Sample
Yorkshire 14 count fabric is made of 96% cotton and 4% polyester.
It is a rustic fabric and a unique alternative to regular Aida.
Aida Yorkshire 14 Count Sample
fabric has the appearance of a basket weave. Linen comes in
several differnt counts including 18, 22, 26, 28, 30, 32, 35, and 40
count. Linen offers a more “old fashioned” look to a piece.
Traditional Linen has a very rustic look to it, especially in the more
natural colors like "raw linen". Linen fabric has a very "crisp" feel.
Linens are more challenging to use then Aidas because they require more skill to
control the tension of the floss for even stitches. Linens are great
for detailed designs and experienced stitchers. Linens are almost
always stitched over two in the higher counts. Linens come in several
different counts, with 32 and 28 counts being the most prevalent.
When stitched over two, 32 count becomes 16 count (32/2), and 28 count
becomes 14 count (28/2). Nora
Corbett has also come up with a gorgeous line of fabrics to go with her
more recent patterns. The colors are very unique and soft.
Currently, they come in 16 count Aida and 32 count Linen.
Linen 18 Count Sample
Linen 22 Count Sample
Linen 26 Count Sample
Linen 28 Count Sample
Linen 30 Count Sample
Linen 32 Count Sample
Linen 35 Count Sample
Linen 40 Count Sample
(even weave) fabric is made of 100% linen and comes in 16
count. It is stitched over one thread and is a course fabric.
The holes are prominent. It is a unique alternative to Aida
Linen Hardanger 16 Count Sample
32 count Linen comes in a large variety of colors and is normally
stitched over two threads. Belfast is 100% linen and is softer
than regular Linen.
Belfast Linen 32 Count Sample
28 count Linen also comes in a large array of colors and is stitched
over two in most cases. It is 100% linen and less stiff than
regular Linen fabric.
Cashel Linen 28 Count Sample
10 count Linen is 100% linen and comes in a small range of nice colors.
Betsy Ross Linen is stitched over one, like an Aida. The holes in
Betsy Ross Linen are prominent. It is ideal for the
''tired eye" projects as well as any designs of your choice.
Betsy Ross Linen 10 Count Sample
18 count Linen comes in a few neutral colors. It is stitched over
one like an Aida and is made of 100% linen.
Cork Linen 18 Count Sample
28 count Linen is very soft and made of 100% linen. It comes in a
few neutral colors and is stitched over two threads.
Country French Linen 28 Count Sample
25 count Linen comes in a few neutral colors and is made of 100% linen.
It can be stitched over one or over two.
Dublin Linen 25 Count
Edinburgh 36 count Linen comes in a few neutral colors. It is
made of 100% linen.
Weaves or Plain Weaves, are normally made of cotton and some other
blended with it. Even weave means the warp and weft thread count is the same,
thus making it square. There
are several different types of even weave fabric:
18 count fabric
is made of 100% cotton twist yarn and it is great for all types of
stitching. It's a relatively heavy fabric and is ideal for
clothing, pillows and other items and gives a soft supple look. It
comes in a small range of neutral colors.
Davos 18 Count Sample
Cloth is made of 50% cotton, 42% polyester, and 8% silk.
Fiddlers cloth comes in 18 and 14 count and is a lot like Aida fabric.
It is an inexpensive fabric and has a very rustic look to it.
Fiddlers Cloth 14 Count Sample
Fiddlers Cloth 18 Count Sample
18 and 25 count fabric is made of 30% linen and 70% rayon. It is a nice, heavy fabric and
drapes well. Floba comes in natural oatmeal.
Floba 18 Count
Floba 25 Count Sample
is made of 100% cotton and it is 22 count. Hardanger is also a method of embroidery
and Hardanger fabric was designed specifically for it. Hardanger
embroidery was originally worked on 50 count Linen fabric and linen was
quite expensive. Cotton Hardanger fabric is inexpensive and was a
good solution for stitchers who enjoy Hardanger. Hardanger as we
know it today originated in
the Hardanger region of Norway several hundred years ago. Eventually,
Norwegian immigrants brought it to the Untied States
Hardanger fabric is generally imported from European cities. It is
typically used for
Hardanger embroidery, but can be used by cross stitchers looking for
delicate detail for projects like
ornaments and doilies. There are several
patterns and kits available. You can even make clothing out of Hardanger
fabric. It is a lovely way to make a christening dress for a baby,
and makes a wonderful heirloom. For more
information about Hardanger, please read our
Hardanger 22 Count Sample
28 count fabric is made of 52% cotton and 48% rayon. It is similar
to Jobelan fabric, and comes in several soft colors.
Jazlyn 28 Count Sample
is popular because of it's elegant, soft, smooth sheen
and large variety of colors, including hand dyed fabrics. Jobelan comes in 20, 25, 28 and 32
count and is made of 51% Cotton, 49%
drapes nicely and is a pleasure to work with. It is resistant
Jobelan 20 Count Sample
Jobelan 25 Count Sample
Jobelan 28 Count Sample
Jobelan 32 Count Sample
fabric comes in 4 and 12 count and is made of 100% Jute. The
fabric has a rough texture and is used to make burlap sacks. Jute
is a shinny vegetable fiber and is long and soft and can be spun into
coarse, strong threads to make fabric.
Jute 4 Count Sample
Jute 12 Count Sample
27 count fabric is 100% cotton and is inexpensive. It is
used as the even weave fabric in many of the Lanarte kits.
Linda 27 Count Sample
Lugana is also a heavy
fabric that is very versatile and similar to a Jobelan. Lugana
comes in many colors and it is a blend of 52% cotton and 48% Viscose.
Did you know that Lugana used to be called Brittney fabric? Lugana is a soft, heavy,
even weave fabric that is easy to count and great for cross stitch. It
comes in many colors and a few different counts like 25, 28 and 32
counts with the most color choices in 25 count.
Lugana is an elegant fabric for
table linens, samplers, pillows, and other decorative accessories.
Lugana is also a great choice for Hardanger projects.
Lugana 25 Count Sample
Lugana 28 Count Sample
Lugana 32 Count Sample
Metallic comes in 20 and 28 count, and is made of 51% cotton, 44%
rayon and 5% metallic. There is either a gold of silver metallic
thread woven throughout the fabric to give it sparkle. It is a
beautiful fabric and a nice way to change your project.
Lugana Metallic 20 Count Sample
Lugana Metallic 28 Count Sample
cloth 28 count fabric is made of 55% linen and 45% cotton. It is
an inexpensive fabric.
Quaker 28 Count Sample
10 count fabric is made of 60% rayon and 40% cotton. The holes in
Tula fabric are prominent. It is a soft, unique fabric. It's
comes in some lovely colors.
Tula 10 Count Sample
Hand Dyed Fabrics
have a very unique look. They come in
Aida and other traditional fabrics. They are perfect for an
interesting or unusual background. Hand dyed
opalescent fabrics are an incredible touch to any project.
Opalescent fabrics have a shinny thread weaved through out the fabric to
give it sparkle. They are excellent used as a twilight back ground
with shimmering stars, or as water in the ocean. Most of our hand dyed fabrics are
this Plus. The fabrics are washable, soft in texture, and
colorfast. Picture This Plus uses Zweigart fabric for their hand
dyed fabrics. Types of fabric take on dye differently. A
linen is very porous, thus it soaks up dye well, where as a Lugana
is a smoother fabric and does not soak up dye as easily. If you
are looking for a dark color, it is best to go with the Linen
fabrics in the hand dyed section. If you are looking for a more
subtle effect, fabrics like Lugana, Aida, etc. are a good choice.
The hand dyed fabrics are all very unique. No two are exactly
alike. Hand dyed fabrics come in a plethora of colors and
are a special order. You will have a one of a kind project to show
off to your friends. Hand dyed
fabrics make your project come alive.
Hand Dyed - Cashel French Lilac
Hand Dyed - Opalescent Example
Perforated Paper was used by those that could not afford Linen in
the Victorian era. During the Victorian era, most perforated
paper projects consisted of bookmarks or bible verses made into
samplers that were hung on the wall. It is still used today for the same purposes.
It comes in a variety of solid and marbled colors and is generally 14 count.
Perforated paper is often used to make ornaments and bookmarks.
Perforated Paper - Hand Painted 14 Count
fabrics. Afghan fabric is often referred to as patterned
fabric. There are several different types of afghan fabric to
choose from. They come in different counts and different
styles. Some have a large center for a center theme to the afghan.
Others are in patterns of squares. There are many
cross stitch patterns to choose from that are designed for afghans.
There are also some great baby afghans by companies like Charles Craft
and Zweigart like the
Afghan by Charles Craft.
Gloria, 14 count Afghan fabric
Canvas fabrics are used for cross stitch,
needlepoint, Hardanger and more. There are several kinds of
canvas. Some are stiffer than others. They come in several
counts. Here are several different types of canvas:
Deluxe Mono 18 count fabric is made of 100% cotton. It comes
in some basic colors as well as a few brighter colors.
Canvas Deluxe Mono, 18 count sample
Interlock in 10, 12, 13, 14 and 18 counts, 100% cotton, is
used for needlepoint or cross stitch. It cannot be used for petit
point since it has one thread running up and down that cannot be split
apart. It is not as subject to distortion as waste canvas or
Canvas Interlock 10 Count Sample
Canvas Interlock 12 Count Sample
Canvas Interlock 13 Count Sample
Canvas Interlock 14 Count Sample
Canvas Interlock 18 Count Sample
Penelope 10/20 count fabric, 100% cotton, also called double mesh or
duo canvas because it has two threads running vertically and
horizontally. It can be used for petit point or gross point
Cloth 24 count, 100% cotton is a combination of a fabric and and
canvas. It is perfect for Hardanger, petit point needlepoint
and cross stitch. It is softer than canvas. It comes in neutral
colors and with metallic threads mixed in to some colors as well.
Congress Cloth 24 count sample
Canvas is used to stitch your design on fabrics that are not cross
stitch friendly, like denim or T-shit cotton fabric, table cloths
and napkins. Waste canvas
comes in several different counts from 6.5 to 20 count. Waste canvas
is usually marked with a grid in blue that breaks the canvas down into
10 count squares (just like a pattern) that makes it easy to count
and to position your design in the center. Some people choose to
use some fabric on the inside of the material they are stitching on to
give added support to their stitches. This is called interfacing.
Using a 6 stranded floss, you will generally stitch with two strands of
floss. However, this is something that is left up to you to
decide. If you are concerned that the floss colors will run, than
you can soak each color of floss in water to remove any excess dye
before stitching. To begin your design, be sure to center
the waste canvas on your shirt, blue jeans, etc. You can baste or
pin your waste canvas and interfacing to your project.
Be sure to secure your floss firmly so it doesn't come undone when you
wash your garment. Once you have stitched your design to your
garment and you are finished, wet your waste canvas and gently pull it
out from under your design so that all that is left is the design you
have stitched on the garment. It is best to wash your garment
turned inside out. Make sure the edges of your interfacing are
trimmed close to the design so as not to be caught during the washing
process and pulled off.
Waste Canvas 6.5 Count Sample
Waste Canvas 8.5 Count Sample
Waste Canvas 11 Count Sample
Waste Canvas 12 Count Sample
Waste Canvas 13 Count Sample
Waste Canvas 14 Count Sample
Waste Canvas 16 Count Sample
Waste Canvas 18 Count Sample
Cloth. Monks cloth is similar to a Herta or 6 to 8 count Aida.
It is softer and more pliable. Monks cloth is 100% cotton and it is
7 count. That means 7 stitches per inch of fabric. However,
you must prepare Monks cloth BEFORE you stitch on it. First, you
serge the edges of the fabric with a zig zag stitch on your sewing
machine to keep the edges from fraying. Then it must be washed in
a gentle warm water cycle in you washing machine. Dry it in
the dryer and it is ready to go. The fabric will shrink quite a
bit in this process. Monks cloth is also preferred for